EFFECTIVE USE OF MODALS IN ENGLISH GRAMMAR

EFFECTIVE USE OF MODALS IN ENGLISH GRAMMAR 

MODAL:- A modal is a verb that combines with another verb to indicate mood or tense. A modal (also known as a modal auxiliary or modal verb)expresses necessity, uncertainty, ability, or permission. The modal verbs are:-

1.Can

2.May/might

3.ought to have

4.Will

5.Must

6.could

7.Should

8.Would

9.Ought to

10.Might have

  1. Could Have

12.Has/Have to

13.Must have

  1. Dare

Rules of modal which are used  in the Present Tenses/Past /future tense:–

Affirmative :- Subject +Modal verb+ verb 1st form + object.

Negative:- subject + Modal verb + not +verb 1st form+ object .

Interrogative:- Modal verb +subject +verb 1st form +object +?

Interrogative +negative:- Modal verb +subject +not +verb 1st form +object +?

                        <wh>+Modal verb +subject +not +verb 1st form +object +?

Use of  “can “(Ability or lack of ability )

Affirmative :- Subject +can+ verb 1st form + object.

Negative:- subject + can+ not +verb 1st form+ object .

Interrogative:-Can+subject +verb 1st form +object +?

Interrogative +negative:- Can +subject +not +verb 1st form +object +?

                        <wh>+Can +subject +not +verb 1st form +object +?

 Examples:-

Affirmative:–                          You can play.

Negative: –                             You cannot play.

Interrogative:-                       Can you play?

interrogative+negative:-      Can you not play?

 < wh> + Interrogative  :-     What Can you play?

If the <wh> family is used in interrogative sentences, you cannot give an answer like “yes” or “No”.

Use of “Could”(To express ability in the past)

 

Affirmative :- Subject +could+ verb 1st form + object.

Negative:- subject +could+ not +verb 1st form+ object .

Interrogative:-Could+subject +verb 1st form +object +?

Interrogative +negative:- Could +subject +not +verb 1st form +object +?

                        <wh>+Could +subject +not +verb 1st form +object +?

Examples:-

Affirmative:-                       She could sleep.

Negative:-                           He could not sleep.

interrogative:-                    Could he sleep?

Interrogative+negative:-   Could he not sleep?

<wh>+interrogative:–          Why could he sleep?

Use of “May”( high possibility of work)

Affirmative :- Subject +may+ verb 1st form + object.

Negative:- subject + may+ not +verb 1st form+ object .

Interrogative:-May+subject +verb 1st form +object +?

Interrogative +negative:- May +subject +not +verb 1st form +object +?

                        <wh>+May +subject +not +verb 1st form +object +?

 

Examples:- 

Affirmative:-                      She may go home.

Negative:-                          She may not go home.

interrogative:-                   May she go home?

Interrogative+negative:-  May she not go home?

<wh>+interrogative:–         With whom may he go home?

 

Use of “Might” (Less possibility of work)

 

Affirmative :- Subject +might+ verb 1st form + object.

Negative:- Subject + might+ not +verb 1st form+ object .

Interrogative:-Might+subject +verb 1st form +object +?

Interrogative +negative:- Might+subject +not +verb 1st form +object +?

                        <wh>+might +subject +not +verb 1st form +object +?

Examples:- 

Affirmative:-                        He might come back home tomorrow.

Negative:-                            He might win a prize.

interrogative:-                     Might he win a prize?

Interrogative+negative:-    Might he not win a prize?

<wh>+interrogative:–          what might he win a prize?

Use of “Should”:- “Should ” is the modal verb most commonly used to make recommendations or give advice.

 

Affirmative :- Subject +should+ verb 1st form + object.

Negative:- subject + should+ not +verb 1st form+ object .

Interrogative:-Should+subject +verb 1st form +object +?

Interrogative +negative:- Should +subject +not +verb 1st form +object +?

                        <wh>+should +subject +not +verb 1st form +object +?

Examples:

Affirmative:-                        I should go.

Negative:-                            I should not go.

interrogative:-                     Should I go?

Interrogative+negative:-    Should I not go?

<wh>+interrogative:–           Where Should I go?

Use of ” should have”

 

Affirmative :- Subject +should+have+verb 1st form + object.

Negative:- subject + should+ not +have+verb 1st form+ object .

Interrogative:-Should+subject +have+verb 1st form +object +?

Interrogative +negative:- Should +subject +not +have+verb 1st form +object +?

                        <wh>+should +subject +not +have+verb 1st form +object +?

Examples:

Affirmative:-                        Rahul should have played.

Negative:-                            Rahul should not have played.

interrogative:-                     Should Rahul have played?

Interrogative+negative:-    Should Rahul not have played?

<wh>+interrogative:–          Why should Rahul have played?

Use of “Would”:- Would” is a modal verb mostly used to create conditional verb forms. It also serves as the past form of the modal verb “will”.

Affirmative :- Subject +Would+ verb 1st form + object.

Negative:- subject + would+ not +verb 1st form+ object .

Interrogative:-Would+subject +verb 1st form +object +?

Interrogative +negative:- Would +subject +not +verb 1st form +object +?

                        <wh>+would +subject +not +verb 1st form +object +?

Examples:

Affirmative                            would agree with that.

Negative:-                             would not agree with that.

interrogative:-                      Would you like some more tea?

Interrogative+negative:-     Would you not like some more tea?

<wh>+interrogative:–            Where would you go?

Use of “Must have”:-Must have”expresses an opinion about an earlier (past) situation.

Affirmative :- Subject +must+have+verb 1st form + object.

Negative:- subject + must+ not +have+verb 1st form+ object .

Interrogative:-Must+subject +have+verb 1st form +object +?

Interrogative +negative:- Must +subject +not +have+verb 1st form +object +?

                        <wh>+Must +subject +not +have+verb 1st form +object +?

Examples:

Affirmative                              I must have to go to Mumbai.

Negative:-                               I must not have to go to Mumbai.

interrogative:-                        Must you have like some more tea?

Interrogative+negative:-       Must you not have like some more tea?

<wh>+interrogative:–              Where must have you go?

 

Use of”Could have”:It means that there you had the possibility to do something in the past, but it did not happen.

 

Affirmative :- Subject +could+have+verb 3rd form + object.

Negative:- subject + could+ not +have+verb 3rd form+ object .

Interrogative:-Could+subject +have+verb 3rd form +object +?

Interrogative +negative:-Could +subject +not +have+verb 3rd form +object +?

                        <wh>+Could+subject +not +have+verb 3rd form +object +?

Examples:

Affirmative                              I could have gone to Mumbai.

Negative:-                               I could not have gone to Mumbai.

interrogative:-                        Could you have liked some more tea?

Interrogative+negative:-       Could you not have liked some more tea?

<wh>+interrogative:–              With whom could he have played?

 

Use of”Has/Have to”:- “Has/Have to”are used to express obligation. 

 

Affirmative :- Subject +has/have to+verb 1st form + object.

Negative:- subject + has/have+not+to+verb 1st form+ object .

Interrogative:-Has/Have+subject +to+verb 1st form +object +?

Interrogative +negative:-Has/Have +subject +not +to+verb 1st form +object +?

                        <wh>+Has/Have+subject +not +to+verb 1st form +object +?

Examples:

Affirmative                             He has to play.

You have to go.

Negative:-                               He has not to play.

You have not to go.

Interrogative:-                        Has he to play?



Have you not to go?

Interrogative+negative:-       Have he not to go?

<wh>+interrogative:–              Where has he not to play?

Use of “Ought to “:- Ought to” is used to indicate something that is probably.

Affirmative :- Subject +Ought+ to+ verb 1st form + object.

Negative:- subject +ought+ not +to+verb 1st form+ object .

Interrogative:-Ought +subject +to+verb 1st form +object +?

Interrogative +negative:-Ought +subject +not +to+verb 1st form +object +?

                        <wh>+Ought +subject +not+to +verb 1st form +object +?

 

Examples:

Affirmative:-                           We ought to do more exercise.

Negative:-                               Medicine ought not to free.

interrogative:-                        Ought medicine to free.

Interrogative+negative:-       Ought you not to like some more tea?

<wh>+interrogative:–              What ought you to fight for your country?

 

Use to “Ought to have”:-(Done something)

Affirmative :- Subject +Ought +to+have+ verb 3rd form + object.

Negative:- subject +ought+ not +to+have+verb 3rdform+ object .

Interrogative:-Ought +subject +to+have+verb 3rdform +object +?

Interrogative +negative:-Ought +subject +not +to+have+verb 3rdform +object +?

                        <wh>+Ought +subject +not+to +have+verb 1st form +object +?

Examples:

Affirmative:-                           She ought to have led the team from the front.

Negative:-                               You ought not to have offended your mother.

interrogative:-                        Ought medicine to have free.

Interrogative+negative:-       Ought you not to have like some more tea?

<wh>+interrogative:–              What ought you to have fight for your country?

 Use of “will”:- To express the future tense.

 

Affirmative :- Subject +Will+ verb 1st form + object.
Negative:- subject + will+ not +verb 1st form+ object .
Interrogative:-Will+subject +verb 1st form +object +?
Interrogative +negative:- Will +subject +not +verb 1st form +object +?
                        <wh>+will +subject +not +verb 1st form +object +?

Examples:-          
Affirmative:-                             She will try to lie.
Negative:-                                 I will not meet you later.
interrogative:-                          Will I meet you later.
Interrogative+negative:-         Will I not meet you later.
<wh>+interrogative:-               What will you not fight for your country?

Use of “Dare”:- Dare can mean ‘challenge somebody.

 

Affirmative :- Subject +dare+ verb 1st form + object.
Negative:- subject + dare+ not +verb 1st form+ object .
Interrogative:-Dare+subject +verb 1st form +object +?
Interrogative +negative:- Dare +subject +not +verb 1st form +object +?
                        <wh>+dare +subject +not +verb 1st form +object +?

Examples:

Affirmative:-                           She dared to swim across the river.

Negative:-                               She dared not to swim across the river.

interrogative:-                        Dared she to swim across the river?

Interrogative+negative:-       Dared she not to swim across the river?

<wh>+interrogative:–             How dare you to do that?

https://www.facebook.com/ieltsfever

Structure of writing Task 2 ielts exam tips for students

EFFECTIVE USE OF MODALS IN ENGLISH GRAMMAR

EFFECTIVE USE OF MODALS IN ENGLISH GRAMMAR EFFECTIVE USE OF MODALS IN ENGLISH GRAMMAR EFFECTIVE USE OF MODALS IN ENGLISH GRAMMAR EFFECTIVE USE OF MODALS IN ENGLISH GRAMMAR EFFECTIVE USE OF MODALS IN ENGLISH GRAMMAR EFFECTIVE USE OF MODALS IN ENGLISH GRAMMAR EFFECTIVE USE OF MODALS IN ENGLISH GRAMMAR EFFECTIVE USE OF MODALS IN ENGLISH GRAMMAR EFFECTIVE USE OF MODALS IN ENGLISH GRAMMAR EFFECTIVE USE OF MODALS IN ENGLISH GRAMMAR EFFECTIVE USE OF MODALS IN ENGLISH GRAMMAR EFFECTIVE USE OF MODALS IN ENGLISH GRAMMAR EFFECTIVE USE OF MODALS IN ENGLISH GRAMMAR 

The Author

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

IELTS FEVER © 2016-2017 ALL INDIAN CREATION