SECTION 2 Questions 14 – 28
Questions 14 – 16 Read the First Aid instructions regarding bleeding on the following page. According to the text, which THREE of the following are true symptoms of internal bleeding?
Choose THREE letters (A – G) and write them in boxes 14 – 16 on your answer sheet. The order of your answers does not matter.
A- a headache
B -a desire to drink
C- a lack of strength
D- half closed eyes
E -pain in the heart area
F -a sick feeling
G -flushed skin
Questions 17 – 20
Look again at the First Aid instructions regarding bleeding on the following page and the statements (questions 17 – 20) below:
In boxes 17 – 20 on your answer sheet write:
TRUE if the statement is true
FALSE if the statement is false
NOT GIVEN if the information is not given in the passage
17 If someone has a bad cut on their arm, lift the arm up above the rest of the body.
18 Tourniquets can be very dangerous.
19 You cannot see any physical signs of internal bleeding.
20 It’s important for people suffering internal bleeding to drink a lot of water.
1 Apply direct pressure. Place a clean, folded cloth over the injured area and firmly
apply pressure. If blood soaks through, do not remove it. Instead, cover that cloth
with another one and continue to apply pressure to the wound for 7 – 10 minutes.
If the bleeding is from the ear, place a clean bandage over the ear, lay the victim
on his side, and allow the blood to drain out of the bandage.
2 Elevate the injury. Position the wounded part of the body above the level of the
heart if possible while you apply direct pressure.
3 Know the pressure points. If direct pressure and elevation do not sufficiently
slow the blood flow, find a pressure point. Large arteries found close to the skin’s
surface supply blood to the head and to each arm and leg. The most common
pressure points used during first aid are located in the upper arms and in the
creases above the upper legs. Apply pressure to the closest pressure point to the
wound so that the artery is pressed between your fingers and bone directly behind
the artery. If using the pressure point on a leg, you may need to use the heel of
your hand instead of your finger.
4 Resort to a tourniquet. On very rare occasions everything above may fail. To
prevent the victim from dying, you should apply a tourniquet. Once a tourniquet is
applied, it should not be loosened or removed until the victim has reached medical
help. Use a tourniquet ONLY if everything listed above has failed. If you use a
tourniquet, write down somewhere on the victim the time it was applied, so medical
personnel will know how long it has been in place.
Internal bleeding results when blood vessels rupture allowing blood to leak into body
cavities. It could be a result of a direct blow to the body, a fracture, a sprain, or a bleeding ulcer. If a victim receives an injury to the chest or abdomen, internal bleeding should be suspected. He will probably feel pain and tenderness in the affected area.
Other symptoms and signs to watch for:
* cold clammy skin * pale face and lips
* weakness or fainting * dizziness
* nausea * thirstiness
* rapid, weak, irregular pulse * shortness of breath
* dilated pupils * swelling or bruising at the site of the injury
The more symptoms that are experienced, the more extensive the internal bleeding.
What to do for the Victim
1 Check for an open airway and begin rescue breathing if necessary.
2 Call for medical help as soon as possible and keep the victim comfortable until help
NB The victim may rinse his mouth with water, but DO NOT give a victim of internal
bleeding anything to drink.
Questions 21 – 25
Read the Information Notice concerning Preparation Courses for students at the
Westley Business School. Using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS, answer the
following questions. Write your answers in boxes 21 – 25 on your answer sheet.
21 Which course is mostly without a teacher?
22 On which course can you NOT pre-book a place?
23 How many hours does Course 1 take?
24 How many places are there every week for students who want to study
25 Which course takes place only on one day in a specified week?
Questions 26 – 28
Do the following statements agree with the views of the writer of the Information
Notice concerning Preparation Courses for students at the Westley Business
In Boxes 26 – 28 write:
YES if the statement agrees with the writer
NO if the statement doesn’t agree with the writer
NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this
26 Students registered at Westley Business College don’t have to pay for the
27 Most students at Westley Business School are older than the average college
28 All taught courses are held in the Westley Business School main building.
Westley Business School
Preparation Courses for Students
80% of the students who take our courses are mature students who have not done any formal study for several years. Many of the courses at the Westley Business School require a good knowledge of various skills. If you feel you need some extra preparation before your course, look below and see if any of our preparation courses suit your needs. All courses take place in August, and for enrolled students all the courses listed below are free.
Course 1 STATISTICS
A grounding in statistics is a must for any prospective business student. This is a one week
course (Mon – Fri) consisting of one lecture every night. The tutor will ensure that by the end
of the course, you will have had a thorough introduction to all the statistical skills that you will
need to start your course at Westley Business School. Each lecture runs from 6pm to 9pm.
Course 2 ESSAY WRITING
This is a self-study pack containing guidance, practice and tests. At the end of the course
(it should take about 10 hours of self-study) you will receive a 1 hour tutorial with the essay
writing tutor who will go over your work with you.
Course 3 BASIC MATHS
This is a one-off lecture of 3 hours aimed at reviewing all the basic maths that you will vaguely
remember from school! This course is run on a “first come, first served” basis and there are
only 20 places (every Monday in August from 5.45pm – 8.45pm) so don’t be late.
Course 4 COMPUTING
This 2 week course (Mon – Fri 6.30pm – 8.30pm) will give students all the basic computer
skills that they will need for their courses at Westley Business School. There are two courses
running concurrently with only 10 PLACES in each so book early!
NB UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED, YOU MUST BOOK IN ADVANCE FOR THESE COURSES AT THE MAIN WESTLEY BUSINESS SCHOOL RECEPTION