What are modals? English grammar ielts exam

What are modals? English grammar ielts exam

  1. What are modals?

All The Auxiliary verbs except “Be”, “Do” & “Have” are called  “Modals”. Unlike other auxiliary verbs modals only exists in their helping

forms; they cannot act alone as the main verb in a sentence. The verbs can,

could, may, might, will, would, should, must, and ought to, are called ‘Modal  Auxiliary Verbs’. They are used before the Infinitives of other verbs and add

certain kinds of meaning to the utterances. Need and Dare can sometime used

as modal auxiliary verbs and the expression “had better” is used like a modal  auxiliary. Modal verbs can be used to say with all these situations.

Possible – may, can

Certainly possible – must,

Possible by force/compulsion/obligation – should, ought to

Willingly possible – shall, will, would

Impossible – can’t,

Probable – might, could

Improbable – couldn’t, mightn’t

MODALUSESEXAMPLES
CanAbility/ possibility
Inability/ Impossibility
Asking for permission
request
* They can control their own budgets.
* We can’t fix it?
* Can I write here?
* Can you help me?
CouldAsking for permission
Request
Suggestion
Future possibility
Ability in the past
* Could I borrow your dictionary?
* Could you say it again?
* We could try to fix it ourselves.
* I think we could have another “Gulf War”.
* He gave up his old job, so he could work for us.
MayAsking for permission
future possibility
* May I have another cup of coffee?
* India may become a major economic power
MightPresent possibility
Future possibility
* We’d better phone tomorrow, they
might be eating their dinner now.
* They might give us 10% discount.
MUSTNecessity
Obligation
Prohibition
* We must say good bye now.
* They must not disrupt the work.
SHALLOffer
Suggestion
Asking what to do
* Shall I help you with your luggage?
* Shall I do that or will you?
SHOULDSaying what’s right
Recommending action
Uncertain prediction
* We should sort out this problem at once.
* I think we should check everything again.
* Profits should increase next year.
WillInstant decisions
Offer, promise
Certain prediction
* I can’t see any taxis, so I will walk.
*I will do that for if you like.
* I will get back to you on Monday
WouldAsking for permission
request
Making arrangements
Invitation preferences
* Would you pass the salt please?
* Would you mind waiting a moment?
* Would you prefer tea or coffee?
* I’d like tea please.

 

Rewrite the Sentence using modals and identify language functions;- 

  1. Please return my library books.

Will………………

Function…………..

  1. The files are heavy. I’ll carry them for you.

Would………………..

Function……………

  1. Let me switch on the fan, ok?

Do you ……………….

Function ……………….

  1. “Bring the books to my office”

Would…………….

Function…………

Modal verbs

  1. Will you please return my library books?

Request

  1. Would I carry the files for you?

Seeking permission

  1. Do you mind if I switch on the fan?

Request

  1. Would you bring the books to my office?

Request

What are modals? English grammar ielts examWhat are modals? English grammar ielts exam

What are modals? English grammar ielts exam

What are modals? English grammar ielts exam

What are modals? English grammar ielts exam

What are modals? English grammar ielts exam

What are modals? English grammar ielts exam

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