what is If clauses – English Grammar ielts exam

what is If clauses – English Grammar ielts exam

 

Conditional sentences are also known as conditional clauses or if clauses.

If clause is used when:

  1. It is possible to fulfill conditions.

Form: If + simple present, will – future

If I find her address, I will send her an invitation

  1. It is theoretically possible to fulfill conditions.

Form: If + simple past, would + infinitive

If I found her address I would send her an invitation

  1. It is impossible to fulfill conditions.

Form: If + past perfect, would + have past perfect

If I had found her address, I would have sent her an invitation.

Type- 1: If + the simple present tense + will / can or may / might.

Probable Actions in the future

  1. If you leave before ten you’ll catch the train.
  2. If you don’t hurry, you might miss it.
  3. The bowl will break, if you drop it.
  4. I can get some more milk if there is enough.

 Type- 2: If + the simple past tense + would, could or might.

Less probable actions in the future.

  1. If we saved Rs.500 We’d have enough for a holiday trip.
  2. We might save enough if we worked overtime.

Unreal actions in the present.

  1. If we were rich I’d travel around the world.
  2. We could buy a new car If you didn’t spend so much on clothes.

Type – 3:

If + the past perfect tense + would have, could have or might have.

Impossible actions in the past

  1. If it had rained yesterday there wouldn’t have been many people here.
  2. If I hadn’t been ill I could have gone yesterday.

Other types of If clauses.

1) If + present tense + the imperative.

a.. If it’s raining take a coat.

  1. Don’t wear those shoes if you want to go for walking.

 2) If + simple present tense + simple present tense.

  1. If you mix blue and yellow you get green.
  2. If the temperature falls below zero, water freezes.

 3) If + present continuous / Present perfect tense + modal verb.

  1. If you’re planning a holiday, I’ll tell you about ours.
  2. If you haven’t been to Mysore you ought to go there.

4) If+ modal verb + modal verb.

  1. If you can’t find your dress it might be in the cupboard.
  2. Well, Suman can’t use this shirt if he won’t wash up.

 

5) If + will / would + modal verb.

  1. If you’ll give me your address, I can send you the information.
  2. If you would kindly wait a moment please, Mr. Kumar won’t be long.

6) If + should + modal verb + imperative.

  1. I think it’s going to be nice but if it should rain we can have the meals inside.

Exercise; Complete the sentence with appropriate clauses :-

  1. If I ……………. (Have + bring) my camera we ……………. (Will + have take) some photographs.
  2. If you ………….. (Have + go) to the station at 10.a.m you wouldn’t ……………….. (Have + miss) the train.
  1. If you ………….. (Have + score) more marks, you ………. (Will + have + get) seat in the college you wanted.

Key answers

  1. Have brought, will have taken
  2. Have gone, have missed
  3. have scored, will have got

what is If clauses - English Grammar ielts exam

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