WRONG USAGE OF PARTICIPLES AND INFINITIVES IELTS EXAM

WRONG USAGE OF PARTICIPLES AND INFINITIVES IELTS EXAM

  1. Ask, advise, allow, command, force, forbid, invite, encourage, compel, beg, order•,

imagine, instruct, permit, persuade, tell, require, remind, teach, etc. are followed by  Object + To +V2

Example

Incorrect- He advised to do it by me.

Correct- He advised me to do it.

But if these are used in Passive Voice, then they are followed by To +V,.

Correct- She was permitted to go with him.

 

  1. Know is followed by how/ where/when/why and Infinitive.

Example

Incorrect- I know to write a letter.

Correct- I know how to write a letter.

 

  1. After let, bid, behold, watch, see, feel, make etc. we use Bare-Infinitive and not To-

infinitive.

Example

Incorrect- I heard him to speak on several subjects.

Correct- I heard him speak on several subjects.

 

  1. Bare Infinitive is used after Modal Auxiliaries (can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, must, dare not,need not).

Example

Incorrect- You need not to work hard.

Correct- You need not work hard.

 

  1. Had better, had rather, had as soon … as …, had sooner etc. are followed by Bare Infinitive.

Example

Incorrect- He had better to go now.

Correct- He had better go now.

 



  1. Conjunction than is also followed by Bare Infinitive.

Example

Incorrect- He had better read than to write.

Correct- He had better read than write.

 

  1. When but is used as a Preposition and preceded by any form of the Verb do, then but is followed with Bare Infinitive.

Example

Incorrect- He did nothing but to wander.

Correct- He did nothing but wander.

 

  1. Every Participle must have a Subject of Reference.

Example

Incorrect- Being a rainy day Vijay decided to stay at home.

Correct- It being a rainy day Vijay decided to stay at home.

 

  1. For completed action Having + V is used in Active Voice, whereas Having + been + V or Being + V is used in Passive Voice. After should not be used in such a sentence.

Example

Incorrect- After the leader having been killed, the followers ran away.

Correct- The leader having been killed, the followers ran away.

 

  1. Participles like considering, judging, referring, concerning, regarding, viewing, broadly speaking etc. do not take any Subject of Reference.

Example

Correct – Considering the case, I took the decision.

Here ‘I’ is not a Subject of Reference of considering. So, there is no Subject of

Reference for ‘considering, still the sentence is correct.

ALSO READ WRONG USAGE OF CONJUNCTIONS IELTS EXAM

ALSO READ WRONG USAGE OF VERBS IELTS EXAMWRONG USAGE OF PARTICIPLES AND INFINITIVES IELTS EXAM

WRONG USAGE OF PARTICIPLES AND INFINITIVES IELTS EXAM WRONG USAGE OF PARTICIPLES AND INFINITIVES IELTS EXAM WRONG USAGE OF PARTICIPLES AND INFINITIVES IELTS EXAM WRONG USAGE OF PARTICIPLES AND INFINITIVES IELTS EXAM WRONG USAGE OF PARTICIPLES AND INFINITIVES IELTS EXAM

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